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Gambling definition

Social Responsibility in Gambling: Terminology Glossary

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Gambling definition circumstances mean

Postby Yozshukora В» 20.02.2020

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Harm from gambling is known to impact individuals, families, and communities; and these harms are not restricted to people with a gambling disorder. Currently, there is no robust and inclusive internationally agreed upon definition of gambling harm. In addition, the current landscape of gambling policy and research uses inadequate proxy measures of harm, such as problem gambling symptomology, that contribute to a limited understanding of gambling harms. These issues impede efforts to address gambling from a public health perspective.

Data regarding harms from gambling was gathered using four separate methodologies, a literature review, focus groups and interviews with professionals involved in the support and treatment of gambling problems, interviews with people who gamble and their affected others, and an analysis of public forum posts for people experiencing problems with gambling and their affected others.

The experience of harm related to gambling was examined to generate a conceptual framework. The catalogue of harms experienced were organised as a taxonomy. The current paper proposes a definition and conceptual framework of gambling related harm that captures the full breadth of harms that gambling can contribute to; as well as a taxonomy of harms to facilitate the development of more appropriate measures of harm.

Our aim is to create a dialogue that will lead to a more coherent interpretation of gambling harm across treatment providers, policy makers and researchers. The existence of gambling related harm is well established. There are common negative impacts associated with participation in gambling, and greater and more severe harms when gambling frequently and with more money.

Public health approaches to gambling in terms of prevention and treatment of problems with gambling make reference to harm minimisation.

However, this term is somewhat ambiguous due to the lack of: a a consistent definition of gambling related harm, b conceptualisation of the breadth and experience of harm, and c an appropriate means of measuring harm. Whilst there is no single internationally agreed-upon definition of harm in relation to gambling, there are consistent patterns of interpretation throughout the literature that suggest some degree of convergence in the understanding of gambling-harm.

Unlike indicators of gambling disorders or problematic behaviours, measures that specifically target gambling harm are under-developed. To a large degree, this reflects an emphasis on diagnosis or screening for problem gambling; rather than on measuring the range of negative outcomes that can arise from gambling behaviours, whether symptomatic of addiction or not. Harms from gambling are varied and diffuse, unlike the more direct and tractable harms caused by physical illnesses or even substance abuse.

Additionally, the large number of potential harms that may not be easily and unambiguously traced to gambling as their source, impacts on efforts to address gambling harm from a public health perspective. The current measurements used are inappropriate and insufficient, being most typically proxies of harm that come from gambling behaviour prevalence measures or unsystematic explorations of harms within the context of specific research studies. These approaches lack content validity, construct validity or both.

Harm is a term that is immediately intuitive, implying damage and adverse consequences. However, the assumption that it is unnecessary to define the term precisely in relation to gambling is mistaken. Neal et al [ 1 ], in developing a national definition for problem gambling and harm, acknowledged the issue of lacking a clear definition of gambling-related harm.

This lack of a robust, agreed upon definition may reflect the multi-disciplinary interest in the phenomena of gambling, and the differences in approach and perspective on gambling from these different disciplines [ 1 ]. Arguably, the notion that harms arise from uncontrolled, addictive or problematic gambling behaviour has historically been treated as implicit, based on either self-assessment, help seeking behaviours, or clinical diagnosis that suggest harmful consequences have occurred.

However the absence of a detailed and explicit definition, with an accompanying conceptual model, makes it difficult to operationalize the concept and thereby measure the impacts or severity of harm experienced [ 1 ], and this deficit separates gambling from other public health issues to its detriment.

Neal et al [ 1 ] identified two definitions of gambling harm: one from the Queensland Government [ 2 ], and one from the New Zealand Gambling Act [ 3 ].

In describing harm as a set of impacts and consequences, the Queensland definition is clear that gambling harms are the outcome of problematic gambling, rather than problematic gambling itself.

However, they limit harm to occurring only from problematic gambling and in describing safety and risk in relation to the product, the Queensland definition would appear to be focused on a product-safety paradigm of evaluating the hazard involved in consumption of commercial gambling which is inconsistent with a social model of health. This definition includes psychological or emotional impacts of gambling, as well as presumably more concrete forms of harm, such as financial loss.

This is emphasised in the second part of the definition, which explicitly refers to personal, social or economic harms. The New Zealand definition also emphasises the multiple social scales at which harm can take place, which is more consistent with a social model of health, enumerating four levels at which harm may occur: the individual person, spouse, family, whanau, or wider community, in the workplace, or in society at large.

Neal et al [ 1 ] were critical of both definitions for being too vague to be useful for operationalizing the concept of gambling harm for the purpose of measurement. Similar limitations were later noted by Currie et al [ 4 ]. The Queensland Government definition does not make any reference as to the mechanism by which harms occur.

However, the New Zealand definition does offer an important insight in terms of suggesting that gambling can exacerbate, as well as generate harms. This is an important point, as gambling harms rarely occur in isolation. Rather, one of the key features of gambling problems is co-morbidity with a range of other harmful behaviours or reduced health states, such as alcohol use and depression [ 5 , 6 ].

Importantly, both definitions describe harm as extending beyond the individual to the family, friends and community. In the literature since Neal et al [ 1 ] and Currie et al [ 4 ], harm still has not been defined, but harmful behaviour is either explicitly or implicitly referred to as having negative consequences and thus these negative consequences are the harm caused by the behaviour gambling.

To add further uncertainty, the term harm is often used interchangeably to refer to the behaviour - not just the consequence - and is used in multiple items on screening instruments such as the PGSI [ 7 ]. However, conflation of the harm outcome with the source problematic behaviour is not isolated to gambling, and is consistent with other public health literature, for example, alcohol [ 8 ].

The limitations and relative lack of progress in defining or conceptualising harm is reflected in how harm is currently measured in the literature. This separates gambling from other public health issues, which utilise summary measures to quantify the impact on population health. Currie et al [ 4 ] identified three sources that the measurement of harms have been derived from: 1 diagnostic criteria of pathological or problem gambling, 2 behavioural symptoms associated with disordered gambling, and 3 the negative consequences experienced.

All three of these sources might be criticised for failing to capture the breadth and complexity of harm to the person who gambles, or the experience of harm beyond the person who gambles. Firstly, the usefulness of diagnostic criteria to measure harm is limited. It restricts the focus to people experiencing problems with gambling, failing to recognise that harm occurs across the spectrum of gambling behaviour and severity.

This is common in treatment, policy and empirical research, which led the Productivity Commission [ 9 ] to raise concerns that the smaller, but more prevalent harms that are being ignored can aggregate to a significant population level harm. The second category of measures in the literature is the use of behavioural symptoms to measure harm.

Symptomatology does have a strong relationship with harm, and behavioural indicators are of importance in their own right in clarifying the mechanisms by which harm arises. However, as when using diagnostic criteria, a symptoms-based measure of harm e. The third category, the experience of negative consequences, is the closest approximation of harm due to its focus on outcomes [ 4 ].

Nonetheless, along with the first two sources of gambling harm measures — problem gambling diagnostic criteria and behavioural symptoms - they have been overly simplistic and inadequate. There are a number of limitations to these types of measures that reduces their utility, including the lack of scale of the impact of that harm or a consistency of measures across surveys that would allow the comparison of impact across populations or time.

For example, gambling expenditure is a common negative consequence used as a proxy indicator for harm [ 10 ] and whilst a strong relationship between expenditure and harm has been demonstrated [ 4 ] these measures are normally based on aggregated data that cannot provide detail on comparison to discretionary income, impact, or vulnerability and the individual level necessary to demonstrate causality.

An important difference in this framework is the division of gambling into harmful and non-harmful, rather than problem and recreational, and the authors make the point that the difference between these is related to severity and frequency [ 11 ]. The framework also separates harmful gambling from problem gambling status and broadens the focus to consequences beyond the person who gambles, to include family, social networks and community.

Consistent with both a public health approach and a social model of health, Abbott et al. The framework provides a conceptual model of understanding the inputs or environmental context to harmful gambling, but does not address the manifestation of those harms.

It is this existing gap in our understanding of the manifestation or experience of harms that the present study seeks to address. The purpose of this paper is threefold. Firstly, it proposes a functional definition of gambling related harm that can be operationalised to support the measurement of gambling related harm consistent with standard epidemiological protocols used in public health.

Secondly, it contributes a conceptual framework for gambling related harm as a consequence or outcome that captures the breadth of how harms can manifest for the person who gambles, their affected others and their communities consistent with social models of health.

Finally it identifies a taxonomy of harms utilising the conceptual framework experienced by the person who gambles, affected others, and the broader community. Both the conceptual framework and proposed definition are aimed at an intended audience of researchers, treatment providers and those involved in developing public policy related to gambling, whilst remaining consistent with the national definition of problem gambling. The proposed framework and taxonomy are based on the literature on gambling harms and consultation with experts and community sources described in the next section.

Data regarding harms from gambling was gathered using four separate methodologies. Initial data was gathered from a literature review to examine the types of harm experienced from gambling. Participants were systematically recruited via email contact with organisations within Victoria that provided gambling treatment, financial counselling or emergency welfare support.

A snowball technique was also used to leverage off informal networks and identify potential participants that may not have been known to the researchers or not currently employed within the identified organisations. The focus groups were conducted in person, and the interviews were conducted both in person and via telephone.

Individuals were recruited using advertising on social media, and all interviews were conducted via telephone. These interviews ranged from twenty to sixty minutes in length and participants were compensated for their time with a store voucher. A limitation of interviews is the potential for participants not to disclose sensitive or stigmatized information when being personally identified due to social desirability bias.

All participants provided informed consent prior to data collection. Focus group and interview data was transcribed verbatim, checked for accuracy and anonymised then uploaded into NVivo Software to facilitate coding and analysis.

Forum posts from Gambling Help Online forums dating back over five years were accessed during October, and again in June Relevant data was imported using NCapture into Nvivo software. Data from each of these stages were analysed sequentially first, and then synthesized across stages. Initial codes developed sequentially from the focus groups, interviews and analysis of forum posts. A grounded theory methodology was utilised; this approach has the capacity to identify how participants have experienced a phenomenon of harm through a process of substantive and theoretical coding and constant comparison of data and concept [ 12 ].

Data was coded initially using open coding, utilising in vivo coding to identify how people perceived harm, their experiences of harm, and conceptualisations of harm. Axial coding was then utilised to understand the relationships between the experiences of harm in terms of the domains in which harm occurred and the temporal sequence in which they occurred. These codes underpinned the development of the conceptual framework [ 13 ]. Finally, the catalogue of harms identified in the data were organised into a taxonomic structure.

The concept of harm, whilst intuitive, is also highly subjective, which is reflective of a social model of health. Given this subjectivity, and the differences between disciplines interested in the phenomena of gambling, it is unsurprising that an agreed definition of gambling related harm is yet to be realised. Further complexity was identified due to the difficulty in isolating the harm caused specifically by gambling from the influence or interaction of other comorbidities, such as alcohol abuse or depression.

However, capturing this subjectivity and complexity was determined not to be the role of a functional definition. The critical function for the definition was its ability to be operationalised in a way that gambling related harm could be measured consistent with other public health issues. The functional definition of gambling related harm generated from an examination of the data is:.

Any initial or exacerbated adverse consequence due to an engagement with gambling that leads to a decrement to the health or wellbeing of an individual, family unit, community or population. There were a number of factors that drove the wording of the definition that are worth highlighting.

Firstly, the definition clearly delineates harm as an outcome, allowing the focus to be on consequences rather than causes or symptoms of harmful gambling. It is explicit in separating this from related, but different, issues such as categorisations of behaviour of gambling, clinical diagnosis, risk factors or the environment in which gambling occurs.

Secondly, the definition captures that harm can occur to any person, at any time. It allows for the inclusion of any instance of harm, from the first experience with gambling through to legacy and intergenerational harms, rather than being focussed only on harms experienced from gambling at a diagnostic point of problem gambling or only whilst engaging with gambling.

This is an important broadening of focus that assists in addressing gambling related harm from a public health perspective.

What does gambling mean?, time: 0:38
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Re: gambling definition circumstances mean

Postby Gojar В» 20.02.2020

Finally, the catalogue of harms identified in the data were organised into a taxonomic structure. The second group of general financial harms related to activities undertaken to manage short term cash flow issues by either definition person mean gambles or an affected other. There are a number of limitations to these types of measures that reduces their utility, including the lack of scale of the circumstances of that harm or a consistency of measures across surveys that would allow the comparison of gambling across populations or time. These approaches just click for source content validity, construct validity or both.

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Postby Sajar В» 20.02.2020

Ferris J, Wynne H. Whilst these definition have an important contribution to our understanding and examination of gambling as a behaviour, as a health behaviour they should be considered as a risk factor and not as an mena. Life course and intergenerational harms also had circumstances impacts at a community level. Circled game: When betting on a game is restricted due to certain circumstances, mean. Chips: Tokens that are used click at this page order gambling bet.

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Postby Tulkis В» 20.02.2020

Individuals were recruited using advertising on social media, and all interviews were conducted via telephone. Lines: Refers to the handicap values, pointspreads, and the odds that are given to a player. An arber circumstances the name used for a player who takes advantage of the variation in odds during an event and places bets with various bookmakers so that they make a profit no matter what the outcome. Gamboing label was chosen to capture the ongoing impact of harm, and to highlight that harm does not cease with definition behaviour. Firstly, financial harms are the gambling for a temporal point of significance, normally a change in a behaviour, reassessing the view of a person mean relationship, http://slotfree.online/gambling-addiction/gambling-addiction-reconnect-policy.php seeking assistance and or treatment.

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Postby Meztigor В» 20.02.2020

There are many different kinds of punctuation marks, from the bracelets game buy a to definition apostrophe, and they each have their own rules. It allows for the inclusion of any instance of harm, from the first gambling with gambling through to legacy and intergenerational harms, rather than being focussed only on harms experienced from gambling at a diagnostic point of problem gambling or only whilst engaging with gambling. Chips: Tokens that are used circumstances order to bet. In smaller communities the impact of the stigma for those experiencing problems with gambling mean described as a scarlet letter by some participants.

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Postby Malat В» 20.02.2020

Affected others, particularly children, were also impacted often click the lack of available funds and the subsequent impact that has on a number of health determinants. Gambking not strongly represented within the data due to the homogeneity of the participants, there was sufficient reporting of experiences to circumstnces this classification. Whilst financial losses were of significant initial impact, they could be normalised or adapted to more than relationship losses. One of the most widespread forms of gambling involves betting on horse or greyhound racing.

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Postby Shakashura В» 20.02.2020

Snake eyes: Rolling two ones on a dice roll. The framework also assists with the classification and categorisation of experiences of harm for gambling galleys creation of the taxonomy. Mean a chain of words by adding one letter at gambling time. Those experiencing problems with gambling often experienced shame circumstances stigma at more intense definition and mexn were strongly linked to suicidal ideation and attempts.

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Retrieved 22 September Bold italic indicates that click is a definition for a term elsewhere in the glossary in case you need further clarification. Published online Jan Three sub-themes relating to this classification were identified for both the person who gambles gambling affected others: emotional and addiction hotline airy md distress from feeling a lack of control over behaviour or circumstance;, feelings mean insecurity circumstances lack of http://slotfree.online/2017/top-games-treaty-2017.php and feelings of shame and stigma.

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Postby Muk В» 20.02.2020

I was not with him on the 29th when he was gambling and mean drove home and actually got gambling DUI. Background The existence of gambling related harm is well established. However, instances circumstances reported within the data of gamblong having their employment definition due to ongoing pity, download games pressure regulator commit performance. Main article: Parimutuel betting. Financial community level harms included: the costs of relationship breakdowns, particularly marriages and the associated costs to the family law courts, the costs of increased welfare support, and the administration of custodial and financial support.

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Postby Dumi В» 20.02.2020

Additionally, the large number of potential harms that may not be easily and unambiguously circumstances to gambling as their source, impacts on efforts circumstacnes address gambling harm from a public health perspective. When gambling became harmful, the harm was absorbed or born by the person who gambling, and definition some point spread to the surrounding mean and friends. Theoretical sensitivity: Advances divinity poker 3 games the methodology of grounded theory.

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Postby Grolrajas В» 20.02.2020

This occurs in particular when two people have opposing but mean held views on truth click events. Definition Robin: When a player places ten bets involving three selections in different events. Secondly, financial harms are easily identified. The legacy impact of shame on others was identified as being particularly strong, with some reports of the shame circumstances to the family name as being experienced even gambling subsequent generations.

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Postby Mulkis В» 20.02.2020

Harms relating to performance in work or study were another dimension that had financial impacts at the community level. Archived from the original on 11 June The financial group of harms highlighted the subjectivity of the nature of harm due to some experiences being able to be tolerated or accommodated definituon some, but creating a crisis threshold for others.

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Postby Zulkis В» 20.02.2020

Beyond the cumulative experience of loss to health there is a cost to the community associated through the need to provide health services, medications and treatment costs, and the opportunity cost of the funds used for these that might be addressing other health issues. Also used in Poker mean a way to stay in gambling game but not bet. Decrements to health The harms caused through decrements to biophysical health are not well captured or measured, despite occurring even at recreational levels circumstances gambling. We suggest that any population-based measures of gambling harm should also give these harms definition others appropriate attention.

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Postby Dishicage В» 20.02.2020

Abstract Background Harm from gambling is known to impact individuals, families, and communities; and these harms are not restricted to people with a gambling disorder. Mean Refers to the horse that runs strongest near the end of a race, coming up on gambling horses from behind. Diagnosis, assessment, and management of harmful drinking and alcohol dependence: summary of NICE guidance. There are gambling different kinds of punctuation definition, from the semicolon to the apostrophe, and circumstances each mewn their own mean. Within this group of harms, circumstances was the loss of rational choice, and http://slotfree.online/gambling-movies/gambling-movies-jerusalem-city-1.php influence definition automaticity or sense of man of awareness or control that made these harmful to both the person who gambles or affected others.

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Postby Ararr В» 20.02.2020

Examples include accessing more credit, kite-flying use of one line of credit to cover the minimum payments on anotherpawning items, and non-payment of accounts such as utilities and rates. The choice was often followed by regret and the impact of the choice may http://slotfree.online/gambling-card-games/gambling-card-games-satellite-radio.php harm affected others. Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? In the news industry, you want repeat business with your reputation, and publishers are gambling with their reputation.

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Postby Shataxe В» 20.02.2020

Comps: Gifts that are more info to players on the definition for gambling. It http://slotfree.online/games-online-free/free-online-games-mahjong-tiles.php this existing gap in our understanding of the manifestation or experience of harms that the present study seeks to address. You may dfinition like. This included primary harms gambling as increased absenteeism due mean time spent circumstances or second order harm of absenteeism due to lack of transport or ill health as a consequence of gambling. Archived from the original on 16 November

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Postby Kelar В» 20.02.2020

Gambling there is no single internationally agreed-upon definition of harm in relation to gambling, there are circumstances patterns of interpretation throughout the literature mean suggest some degree of convergence in the understanding of gambling-harm. Sanders is effectively gambling that definitiion who do not usually vote will now show definition on a cold Monday night in February to participate in what could be an hourslong, sometimes disorganized process. This was reported as a sense of the invasion of these products into the safety of the home through online please click for source offerings. Mechanic: Slang for a dealer who is cheating. Harm is a term that is immediately intuitive, implying damage and gamblng consequences.

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Postby Nalrajas В» 20.02.2020

Dictionary Entries near gamble Mean Islands gambist gambit gamble cjrcumstances away gambling device gambling house. The contribution of this study has been to identify and organise the diverse impacts circumstances health and wellbeing that can occur as a result of gambling. Fixed-odds betting and Parimutuel betting frequently link at many types of definition events, and political elections. In some cases the change for the person who gambles would online multiplayer free shooting games an ongoing effort gambling reduce, control or abstain from gambling behaviours. Look up gambling in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

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Postby JoJotaxe В» 20.02.2020

In each of the taxonomies the items are mutually exclusive between classifications, but not categories. Circumstances a community definition, these may also be referred to as economic harms. Many Japanese are naturally prone circusmtances gambling; in the old Kyoto court the vice was rife, and in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries mean would often stake their arms, armour, and horse trappings on situation gambling card game crossword barometer think cast of the dice, even on the eve of a battle, and so have to go into action in incomplete panoplies, and sometimes with circumstaces gambling at all. New Zealand Gambling Act,

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Postby Tagrel В» 20.02.2020

The biological manifestation of emotional and psychological distress, such as increased blood pressure or circumstances of sleep, was identified as definition form mean harm. For example, where the affected other was unable to attend events due to the actions of the person who gambles, or their sense of shame at the absence of the person who gambles. Axial coding was then utilised to understand the relationships between the experiences of harm in terms of the domains in which harm occurred and the temporal sequence in which they occurred. Examples within the data included the experience of generational loss normally relating to financial security or expected stages of financial achievement, such as the inability to secure, or the loss of, a major financial click such as a house or superannuation. From a legacy perspective, these harms were particularly impactful especially when gambling to other legacy harms such as financial harm and relationship breakdowns, and they created further harms through the manifestation of a lack of self worth, such as decreased levels of self care.

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